Reflections Since

“Remembering these horrors and standing against future genocides is a responsibility of all humanity – a pledge we make with the simple statement: ‘Never again…Kristallnacht was by no means the start of Nazi Germany’s systematic and state-sponsored effort to persecute and destroy the Jews – but it marked a turning point from social and political violence to widespread physical violence. In retrospect, we can see Kristallnacht as the first shadows of the long night to come. We must therefore be forever vigilant for such warnings in the future.” -Governor M. Jodi Rell, R-Conn., May 9, 2008, when establishing Day of Remembrance for 70th Anniversary of Kristallnacht vii

Caption: The shattered stained glass windows of the Zerrennerstrasse synagogue after its destruction on Kristallnacht.

-USHMM, courtesy of Stadtarchiv Pforzheim